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Elizabeth Tipton

Professor of Statistics and Data Science; Ad Hoc MS in Applied Statistics Program Director; Professor of Education and Social Policy (by Courtesy); IPR Fellow; Co-Director of the STEPP Center

2011 Ph.D. Statistics, Northwestern University, Certificate in Education Science

Research Interests

Policy makers and practitioners are increasingly called upon to make decisions on the basis of scientific evidence, particularly on results from large randomized trials and on the combination of results across many smaller trials (via meta-analysis). My research focuses on the development of statistical methods and tools for making these ‘causal generalizations’. With regards to large randomized trials, I am interested in developing methods to improve their generalizability and external validity, particularly in education and psychology. This includes the development of improved research designs as well as the use of propensity score methods for improved estimation. My research in meta-analysis focuses on methods for modeling and adjusting for dependence between effect sizes. Here my interest is in the development of small-sample adjustments for cluster robust variance estimation – methods that have application not only in meta-analysis but also in economics and survey sampling. To date, my research has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the Institute for Education Sciences, the Spencer Foundation, and the Raikes Foundation.


Recent Publications

Pustejovsky, J. & Tipton, E. (2022) Meta-analysis with robust variance estimation: Expanding the range of working models. Prevention Science, 23: 425-438. Fitzgerald, K. & Tipton, E.  (2022) The Meta-Analytic Rain Cloud (MARC) plot: A new approach to visualizing clearinghouse data. Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness.15:4, 848-875, DOI: 10.1080/19345747.2022.2031366 Bryan, C., Tipton, E., & Yeager, D. (2021) Behavioral science is unlikely to change the world without a heterogeneity revolution. Nature Human Behavior. Tipton, E. (2021) Beyond the ATE: Designing randomized trials to understand treatment effect heterogeneity. Journal of the Royal Statistics Society: Series A, 184(2): 504 -521.      Pustejovsky, J. & Tipton, E. (2018) Small sample methods for cluster-robust variance estimation and hypothesis testing in fixed effects models. Journal of Business and Economic Statistics36(4): 672-683.  Tipton, E. & Shuster, J.J. (2017) A framework for the meta-analysis of Bland-Altman studies based on a limits of agreement approach. Statistics in Medicine36(23), 3621-3635. Tipton, E. (2015) Small sample adjustments for robust variance estimation with meta-regression. Psychological Methods, 20(3): 375 – 393.   Tipton, E.  (2014) How generalizable is your experiment? Comparing a sample and population through a generalizability index.  Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 39(6): 478 – 501.